Can the Waqf serve non-Muslims?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
A Waqf is an endowment. Since it is a voluntary performance and action, the Shariah has given much freedom and flexibility as to who benefits from the Waqf. Spending on non-Muslims is permitted and in fact rewarding as an act of charity. Helping humans regardless of their faith is a noble action encouraged by Islam. As such, stipulating non-Muslims as the beneficiaries of the Waqf is permitted. [AAOIFI Sharia Standards]
All the jurists agree that all humans are beneficiaries of kind acts and all humans deserve kindness. Thus, it is encouraged to be charitable towards all humans regardless of faith or race. In fact, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) set up a Waqf with her Jewish brother as a beneficiary. [Musannaf Abd al-Razzaq]
And Allah Alone Knows Best
Mufti Faraz Adam,
I Waqf Shariah Advisor