Can I stipulate those people as beneficiaries who cannot receive Zakat from me?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
Zakat is a pillar of Islam with a specific objective and framework. It is an obligatory payment which functions as a faith tax for the development of the faithful and their faith. Thus, Zakat has very specific rules such as one’s own parents, children or spouse cannot benefit from one’s Zakat. Some scholars state that this is because you are obliged to maintain such people through your salary and other forms of income. Zakat cannot be circulated among your own household as such. The Hanafi scholars state that if Zakat is given to the immediate family, very likely you will benefit from the Zakat itself which is not permitted. However, Waqf is a voluntary action and an encouraged deed which is flexible and more accommodating. Therefore, one’s non-Zakat beneficiaries can be stipulated as Waqf beneficiaries.
And Allah Alone Knows Best
Mufti Faraz Adam,
I Waqf Shariah Advisor